Summary Of Types And Concepts Of Behavior

 In fact, behaviour is a very important concept because it is the main focus and subject matter of psychology. Consequently, the concept needs very clear explanation for better understanding. What then is behaviour? “Behaviour can be explained as any activity or action of a living organism manifested either consciously or unconsciously which can be observed either directly or indirectly by another person.” In this case, behaviour may range from such simple activities as sleeping, playing with a friend, to such complex ones as acquiring a new skill, educating yoing children, managing a big organization and leading a multi-ethnic/religious country like Nigeria, India or former Soviet Union. Behaviour may also be positive or negative, normal or abnormal, inborn or acquired, internal or external. All these types of activities come within the scope of psychology. Types And Aspects Of Behaviour The attempt to classify behaviour into various types is simply for intellectual or academic conven

Branches And Types Of Psychology

 There are areas where psychological principles and techniques are applied in finding solution to human and societal problems. This aspect of psychology has to do with the various specialities and branches of psychology where special skills and practical expertise come to play. Branches Of Applied Psychology The following are some examples of such specialities and branches where psychologists apply their various skills and training to different problems of life: 1. Clinical Psychology This branch of speciality of applied psychology stands out prominently in the practical application of psychological principles to human problems. The clinical psychologists mostly practise in mental hospitals, community health centres and such other health institutions, where they diagnose behaviour disorders and emotional problems, apply psychological techniques generally known as “psycho-therapy” for their treatment. Some of them engage in private practice as consultants in advanced countries like Brit

Rules And Appointment In The Public Service Agency

 The Nigerian Public Service rules specified the types and nature of appointments in the Public Service. The terms and conditions of service are usually stated in the letters of appointment given to the officer, at the point of recruitment. Usually, appointment to the Civil Service either at the Federal, State and Local Government levels are made by the Federal, State and Local Government Service Commissions, respectively. Appointments to the posts graded G.L. 07-G.L.10 are made by the Civil Service Commission. In respect to positions in the graded levels G.L. 12-14. Adequate measures must be made by the commission to adhere strictly with the terms of the advertisement of the vacancies, which is based on need. Also, for graded G.L. 15-G.L. 17, consultations, must be made with the Head of Service before such appointments would be ratified by the Civil Service Commission. The Permanent Secretary or Head of Extra Ministerial Department is responsible for the recruitment of junior staff wi

Meaning Of Element Of Management In The Organization

 The elements of management are those functions performed by Managers in organizations in achieving the organizational goals. These functions are: 1. Planning 2. Supervising 3. Co-ordination 4. Controlling 5. Directing 6. Motivating 1. Planning Planning is the process of establishing objectives and suitable courses of action before taking action. Planning is the basic process we use to select our goals and determine how to achieve them. Planning is deciding in advance: What to do, How to do it, When to do it, and Who should do it. Types Of Planning There are three main types of planning: These are: 1. Short-term Planning: Plan is usually for six months to one year and not exceeding 12 months. This type of plan may just be to maintain the current operations level e.g. To increase the level of business. 2. Medium Term Planning This type of plan runs for five or less years. This plan enables the business organization to remain and continue in business while projecting into the future. 3.

Maintenance of Machines And System

 Types Of Maintenance System There are three types of maintenance system: Preventive or Planned maintenance, breakdown maintenance, and predictive maintenance. 1. Preventive/Planned Maintenance takes the form of inspection, repairs, tests, replacement maintenance carried out on the machine at regular intervals to prevent breakdown. This enables planning of maintenance routine based on accurate record such as accurate log book. 2. Breakdown Maintenance occurs at the point of the machine breakdown. The machine breaks down first it is repaired, the breakdown may occur by accident or suddenly. 3. Predictive Maintenance allows the technician to forecast the maintenance of the machine based on his experience and knowledge of machine performance. Maintenance of office machines can be organized in two forms: i. In-house maintenance unit: where maintenance is undertaken by maintenance personnel trained on the handling and servicing of the particular machine or machines. An example is the mainte

Definition Of Ethics And Morality

 Ethics has come to refer mainly to right conduct in a profession, so we have business ethics, secretarial ethics, medical ethics and the like. In our contemporary society, the most important problem seems to arise from the issues of morality, the standard for right or wrong action vis-a-vis societal values. There is no denying the fact that great achievements have been made in the spheres of science and technology, but not much has been realized in the areas of ethical and moral conception. Nations and individuals therefore exist in a world in which meaninful ethical decisions are inevitable. Definition Of Ethics And Morality Ethics: Ethics relates to the philosophy behind a moral outcome. In order to spotlight acceptable and unacceptable behaviour within a specific situation ethical behaviour is defined: The term Ethics refers to understanding and adopting moral values within the home or workplace that should be defined. It relates to values commonly adhered to and fundamentals or me

Explanation And Meaning Of Constitution

 Meaning And Definition Of Constitution A constitution may be defined as the whole body of fundamental laws, customs, conventions, principles, rules and regulations according to which a particular government of a country or an organization operates. The constitution therefore specifies the working of a government or organization, the function of its officials, the rights and duties of its citizens or members. As a result of the complex nature of modern day government, the use of constitution in order to spell out the functions and relationship among the branches of government has become a desideratum. Relationship Between Constitution And Constitutionalism A constitution is the basic or fundamental laws of the land. It is the sum total of formal and informer rules, conventions and practices by which a society is governed. Constitutionalism means adherence to the letter and spirit of the constitution, that is, those who govern should govern accordind to the dictates of the law. Constitu