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Showing posts from December, 2020

Summary Of Types And Concepts Of Behavior

 In fact, behaviour is a very important concept because it is the main focus and subject matter of psychology. Consequently, the concept needs very clear explanation for better understanding. What then is behaviour? “Behaviour can be explained as any activity or action of a living organism manifested either consciously or unconsciously which can be observed either directly or indirectly by another person.” In this case, behaviour may range from such simple activities as sleeping, playing with a friend, to such complex ones as acquiring a new skill, educating yoing children, managing a big organization and leading a multi-ethnic/religious country like Nigeria, India or former Soviet Union. Behaviour may also be positive or negative, normal or abnormal, inborn or acquired, internal or external. All these types of activities come within the scope of psychology. Types And Aspects Of Behaviour The attempt to classify behaviour into various types is simply for intellectual or academic conven

Branches And Types Of Psychology

 There are areas where psychological principles and techniques are applied in finding solution to human and societal problems. This aspect of psychology has to do with the various specialities and branches of psychology where special skills and practical expertise come to play. Branches Of Applied Psychology The following are some examples of such specialities and branches where psychologists apply their various skills and training to different problems of life: 1. Clinical Psychology This branch of speciality of applied psychology stands out prominently in the practical application of psychological principles to human problems. The clinical psychologists mostly practise in mental hospitals, community health centres and such other health institutions, where they diagnose behaviour disorders and emotional problems, apply psychological techniques generally known as “psycho-therapy” for their treatment. Some of them engage in private practice as consultants in advanced countries like Brit

Rules And Appointment In The Public Service Agency

 The Nigerian Public Service rules specified the types and nature of appointments in the Public Service. The terms and conditions of service are usually stated in the letters of appointment given to the officer, at the point of recruitment. Usually, appointment to the Civil Service either at the Federal, State and Local Government levels are made by the Federal, State and Local Government Service Commissions, respectively. Appointments to the posts graded G.L. 07-G.L.10 are made by the Civil Service Commission. In respect to positions in the graded levels G.L. 12-14. Adequate measures must be made by the commission to adhere strictly with the terms of the advertisement of the vacancies, which is based on need. Also, for graded G.L. 15-G.L. 17, consultations, must be made with the Head of Service before such appointments would be ratified by the Civil Service Commission. The Permanent Secretary or Head of Extra Ministerial Department is responsible for the recruitment of junior staff wi

Meaning Of Element Of Management In The Organization

 The elements of management are those functions performed by Managers in organizations in achieving the organizational goals. These functions are: 1. Planning 2. Supervising 3. Co-ordination 4. Controlling 5. Directing 6. Motivating 1. Planning Planning is the process of establishing objectives and suitable courses of action before taking action. Planning is the basic process we use to select our goals and determine how to achieve them. Planning is deciding in advance: What to do, How to do it, When to do it, and Who should do it. Types Of Planning There are three main types of planning: These are: 1. Short-term Planning: Plan is usually for six months to one year and not exceeding 12 months. This type of plan may just be to maintain the current operations level e.g. To increase the level of business. 2. Medium Term Planning This type of plan runs for five or less years. This plan enables the business organization to remain and continue in business while projecting into the future. 3.

Maintenance of Machines And System

 Types Of Maintenance System There are three types of maintenance system: Preventive or Planned maintenance, breakdown maintenance, and predictive maintenance. 1. Preventive/Planned Maintenance takes the form of inspection, repairs, tests, replacement maintenance carried out on the machine at regular intervals to prevent breakdown. This enables planning of maintenance routine based on accurate record such as accurate log book. 2. Breakdown Maintenance occurs at the point of the machine breakdown. The machine breaks down first it is repaired, the breakdown may occur by accident or suddenly. 3. Predictive Maintenance allows the technician to forecast the maintenance of the machine based on his experience and knowledge of machine performance. Maintenance of office machines can be organized in two forms: i. In-house maintenance unit: where maintenance is undertaken by maintenance personnel trained on the handling and servicing of the particular machine or machines. An example is the mainte

Definition Of Ethics And Morality

 Ethics has come to refer mainly to right conduct in a profession, so we have business ethics, secretarial ethics, medical ethics and the like. In our contemporary society, the most important problem seems to arise from the issues of morality, the standard for right or wrong action vis-a-vis societal values. There is no denying the fact that great achievements have been made in the spheres of science and technology, but not much has been realized in the areas of ethical and moral conception. Nations and individuals therefore exist in a world in which meaninful ethical decisions are inevitable. Definition Of Ethics And Morality Ethics: Ethics relates to the philosophy behind a moral outcome. In order to spotlight acceptable and unacceptable behaviour within a specific situation ethical behaviour is defined: The term Ethics refers to understanding and adopting moral values within the home or workplace that should be defined. It relates to values commonly adhered to and fundamentals or me

Explanation And Meaning Of Constitution

 Meaning And Definition Of Constitution A constitution may be defined as the whole body of fundamental laws, customs, conventions, principles, rules and regulations according to which a particular government of a country or an organization operates. The constitution therefore specifies the working of a government or organization, the function of its officials, the rights and duties of its citizens or members. As a result of the complex nature of modern day government, the use of constitution in order to spell out the functions and relationship among the branches of government has become a desideratum. Relationship Between Constitution And Constitutionalism A constitution is the basic or fundamental laws of the land. It is the sum total of formal and informer rules, conventions and practices by which a society is governed. Constitutionalism means adherence to the letter and spirit of the constitution, that is, those who govern should govern accordind to the dictates of the law. Constitu

Responsibilities of the Family Members

 There are different types of family. Family members are related to each other in different ways. Therefore, there are various forms of relationships in the family. The family as a group performs some roles in the society while each member has definite roles to perform in the family. Family values are also very important for many reasons. Meaning Of Family A family is a group of persons who live together and are united by ties of marriage, blood or adoption. Family members are each other’s kin. Types Of Family 1. The nuclear family: This is made up of a man, his wife and their children. It is also sometimes called a monogamous family because it arises from one man and one wife only. 2. Polygamous family This is made up of a man, his wives and their several children. In a polygamous family a man is legally married to more than one wife. 3. Extended family: This type of family is made up of husband, his wife or wives, their children and includes other relation like uncles, aunts, cousins

Education Sector Business Ideas

 Are you interested in doing business in education sector? Are you looking for the best education business ideas to invest your money and startup a business? On this article you will get to know the top 40 best education business ideas. 40 Best Education Business Ideas And Opportunities 1. Online Skill Acquisition Training 2. Education Blogging Business 3. Online Coaching Services 4. Exercise Book Production Business 5. Driving School Business 6. Nursery And Primary School Business 7. Music School Business 8. Driving School 9. Catering School 10. Computer College 11. Starting A Bible School 12. Fashion Designing School 13. Computer Training Center 14. Bookshop Business 15. Skill Acquisition 16. Pen Manufacturing Company 17. Starting A Home Tutor Services 18. Chalk Manufacturing Business 19. School Magazine Production Business 20. Starting An Education TV Series 21. Starting An Education Radio Programs 22. Producing Educative Cartoon Series For Children 23. Starting A Martial Art School

Construction Business Ideas

 Do you want to start a business in the construction industry and you lack the ideas? Are you looking for small and large scale businesses in the Construction Sector? If Yes, Then Here on this article we are going to present the 20 best construction business ideas. 20 Best Construction Business Ideas For Investment 1. Cement Block Industry Business 2. Bricks Manufacturing 3. Pipe Manufacturing 4. Ceramic Tiles Production 5. Barbed Wire Production 6. Aluminium Door And Window Construction Business 7. Interior Designing 8. Floor Tiles Manufacturing 9. Bathtube Reglazing 10. Building Materials Rental Business 11. Carpentry Business 12. Cement Production Business 13. Installation Of CCTV 14. Paint Production Business 15. Roof Installation Business 16. Solar Panel Installation 17. Welding Business 18. Starting A Construction Business 19. Construction Equipment Rentailing Business. 20. Machinery Leasing Services. Here Are The 20 Construction Business Ideas. Invest In Construction Sector And

Automative Industries

 Are you looking for business ideas in the automotive industry? Do you want to invest and start a business in automotive sector? Here on this article we have written 20 best automotive business ideas and opportunities. 20 Best Automotive Business Ideas And Opportunities 1. Calling Selling Business 2. Haulage Services 3. Car Rental Services 4. Waste Disposal Business 5. Car Wash Business 6. Selling Car Spare Parts 7. Car Tracking Services 8. Car Hauling Services 9. Car Dealer 10. Auto Repair Services 11. Spare Parts Import/Export Business 12. Car Advice Services 13. Automotive Blogging Business 14. Car Magazine Publication Company 15. Vehicle Manufacturing Company 16. Car Spraying And Branding Business 17. Car Tracker Installation Services 18. Online Car And Spare Parts Selling Site 19. Car Battery Selling Shop 20. Car Repair Services These are the profitable automotive business ideas. Invest and start a business in the automotive industry and make profits.

Agricultural Business Ideas

 Do you want to start a business in the Agricultural sector? Are you looking for Agriculture ideas to invest in? If your answer is YES, Then on this article you will see the list of 40+ best Agricultural Ideas to startup a business. Agriculture involves the rearing of livestock and growing plants. It can be for family need, for food or for markets demands. Agriculture falls on different categories like Crop Or Plant farming, Livestock Or Animal Rearing, Agro-allied and Agro-processing industry. Agriculture will always be a profitable venture as long as it is the major sector in the world. Invest and start a business in Agriculture today. 40+ Best Agricultural Business Ideas We have analyzed 40+ hot agricultural ideas guaranteed to make profits: 1. Poultry Farming Poultry products is always on demand, so of you are planning on starting a poultry farm just note that the market demand is widely open. You have to consider the requirement and make research on what is needed to be a successf

Food Business

 Are you interested in doing business in the food sector? Do you want to know the best food business ideas to invest your money? If Yes, Then here on this content you will find the 20 best food business ideas & opportunities. 20 Best Food Business Ideas 1. Baking Business 2. Restaurant Business 3. Starting A Bar Business 4. Sachet Water Production Business 5. Cake Making Business 6. Bottle Water Production Business 7. Popcorn Business 8. Yoghurt Business 9. Cupcake Making Business 10. Catering Services 11. Frozen Food Business 12. Online Food Delivery Services 13. Food Truck Business 14. Ice Cream Business 15. Starting A Coffee Shop Business 16. Cashew Nut Processing Business 17. Groundnut Oil Production Business 18. Water Purification Business 19. Coconut Oil Production Business 20. Food Delivery Business These are the best food business ideas for investment. Choose any of the ideas and start a business with it And make profits. Suggested Posts: 15 Best Health Care Business Ideas: